Wednesday, July 31, 2013

IJE 15

Tali showed me some examples of the printed plans of old projects she's done. Architecture is all about the "art of communication". Making sure the client knows what you've created for them, making sure the contractor knows, etc. Thus the drawings and annotations must be clear, and organized in a logical manner for one to easily understand the project. The plans are organized from the big picture, to the very small details. The first page would have say a site plan, and then the next would have a floor plan, the next page a room plan, and then the detail plans. In one of her projects she had:

1. a vicinity map (just a basic map that could be copied from google or something to indicate where the project site is). Information on the project: the team, the index of drawings, abbreviation key, general requirements for the building etc.
2. Floor plan with notes and a boilerplate
3. Demolition plan
4. New Floor plan
5. Roof plan (showing over hang and down spout)
6. Elevations
7. Sections (to show relationships hard to understand just through plans, insulation)
8. Details
9. Window/door schedule
10. Electrical plan (and maybe plumbing?)

Sometimes if the project is small enough (like my cottage) the plans can fit on one sheet.

Randoms:
  • an ejector pump may be used if there is not enough slope for a plumbing line.
  • To create sections on VectorWorks, you simply find the "create section viewport" while creating the sheets.
  • CD stands for contract drawing
Thus today I mostly set up the sheets for the garage house and the little cottage I designed a few weeks ago. This takes a huge amount of time I've come to realize, organizing which classes/layers to show in the viewports, editing classes to certain colors/line types. Mostly just tidying things up.

IJE 14

Yesterday's journal:

I went to the Planning Dept with Tali to look up some flood zone codes for our garage house site. Flood zoning seems to be changing frequently, ie flood zones now wouldn't be considered flood zones years ago. Anyway, the important part of knowing whether a home is in a flood zone or not  is knowing whether the architect needs to build on a raised platform or not (some maybe reaching up to six feet high). Obviously, if most of a neighborhood is originally built on floor level but a remodel needs to be raised x amount of feet, it'd change the dynamic of the neighborhood, the house would look more massive. Since we are only building a room remodel, it would look quite odd to have the room 6 feet higher than the rest of the home. Thus, the city of Palo Alto allows all remodels that are less than %50 of the market value of the house to remain at whatever height the architect chooses.
Anyway the home was evaluated--the department already has files set up on the computer for this type of evaluation, however the consultant asked us a few questions--the year, the materials used on the house, whether there was a fireplace, the number of stories, any kitchen updates, number of bathrooms etc. This all gets inserted into the computer that calculates the value of the house. We found out the remodel is in the clear, and we can keep the house normal looking.
After lunch I sketched up the second option for the garage house Tali had. I got to change the design up a bit (she had a loose sketch/idea of what she wanted w/o dimensions, so some stuff wasn't fitting perfectly).
The client wanted something that retained privacy from the backyard. We achieved this in two ways:

 Here the bathroom blocks the master suite (which is right now the garage) patio from the rest of the yard.
Here, we propose for a half wall to retain privacy.

The pink in these two images shows the roof. both designs have an extended overhang for the private patio, and the carport (already existing).The roof actually slants upward over the bedroom, however that's a bit complicated for me to sketch up quickly on paint. Anyway, those beams were quite the challenge to slant with the roof, as much of the structure system was based on beams.

Monday, July 29, 2013

IJE 13

Today I tried fixing up some dimensions on the garage house (that's what I'll call the latest project--that is, to remodel a garage into a master suite). This house had a bunch of complications with room measurements in the blueprint. there may have been some human errors while measuring the rooms, because nothing was adding up correctly. Tali will have to remeasure some walls when she goes back to the site.  After this some-what annoying puzzle of an exercise, we drove over to the almost done project, this is what I'll call the house we continuously visit which is almost done. Tali needed to discuss with the client and the project manager where to place certain faucet fixtures, more detail work. this includes discussing how much granite should show between a sink and a faucet, which side of the sink should have the soap dispenser, the sink handles, etc.
After lunch I drafted Tali's first proposal for the garage house. I duplicated the original blueprint file, and made a new file and worked off this. I sent walls to be demolished to a "demolition class".

Thursday, July 25, 2013

IJE 12

(for 24th)

Yesterday I finished my cottage sheet layers to be made into PDFs and sent to the client. I also finished up the blueprint for the new project, and learned how to make beams and posts on vectorworks, and learned to use a bit of the spreadsheets that calculate area. I learned that "Miter" refers to the end cut of the roof (the very edge). It could be vertically cut, horizontally, etc.

 Here is the example of a spreadsheet we work with for a project.
To calculate square footage of an area, we take the layer the spot we are calculating for is in (L=....) and the class it is in (C=...) and boom it calculates it for us. (shown at top ribbon of picture).









I went on a field trip later with Tali around the neighborhood, she showed me a bunch of different solar panels. She also pointed out that although there are many styles of homes in the neighborhood, to keep consistent with its context/surroundings, many architects match the evelines of its neighbor (which is the lines right below the roof I believe). Many of the homes were part of the "Eichler Style" which was a sort of "Tract home" (numerous houses built on a lot quickly). 
an example of an Eichler style home


Basically, solar panels are easiest to build on asphalt shingles, compared to tile shingles. If the solar panels are not attached to the roof, there is less risk of leakage.
This solar panel is a thin, glue on panel.
 These are your more typical panels, which is a series of grids.
 Most panels are required to be at a certain angle to the sun,which is why these panels stand up.

These panels use "evacuated tubes" which act as gas cylinders made of copper, which heats up very quickly. They act as hot water pipes to heat hot water more efficiently.

Wednesday, July 24, 2013

IJE 11

(for June 23)

I went over to the site Tali has been taking me to, the home that's almost finished. She had to go in and check tile lines for the bathrooms. Most tiles for showers go to the center of the door. The detail of her tile lines usually are well thought out--ex: the grout lines are centered at the windows, or trying to keep one continuous line along the walls. Tali also recommends certain color tiles that match well with the cabinets in the bathroom. the term "grain" refers to the natural pattern of the stone of the tile. Tali also pointed out the permeable driveway tiles that have some holes in them in order for rainwater to stay on the site, keeping bad water from coming into the storm drains. Finished dimensions for niches in a shower wall for example should take into account the thickness of tiles. The minimum length of glass to be tempered is 12".



Monday, July 22, 2013

IJE 10

Today we measured up a new site in Palo Alto. This is a single story home in need of a room remodel. The current "family room" (which was originally a garage) will be turned into a master suite (bedroom with bathroom and closet). It will be slightly extended into the yard. This will be a quick project, so hopefully I'll be able to view the design process from start to end. I began to make the blueprint on Vectorworks once again.

Randoms from Tali:

4 stages of architecture project:
1. Design
2. Contract/paper work to be sent to planning/building dpt
3. Planning/building dept reviews plans
4. Build

 Water pipe identification route, usually labeled on sidewalk. This is where an architect can look if they needed to locate where certain pipes are.
 Sewage pipe.
Gas pipe.

Thursday, July 18, 2013

IJE 9

Random info/tips (mostly about vector works):
  • Stringer is the part of the support of the stair
  • To create a custom roof slab, go to AEC roof face
  • AEC "fit walls to objects" pulls walls up to the shapes of the roof.
  • Move objects on top view instead of 3D view in order to avoid misalignment
  • A daylight plane is another "code" that restricts impact of the built additions to a neighboring home. For example, an architect may not build outside the "invisible line" that is created at a 45 degree angle 8 feet from the ground. 
  • Design ideas should not be given to a client during a free consultation, instead, the ideas may be revealed after the signing of a contract.
  • push/pull tool on vectorworks may manipulate objects much like SketchUp
Today I finished all three design options for the backyard cottage in San Jose. Option one is the basic 120 sf building with the alcove. The second option is the lofted bed (a little over 150 sf, images below), and the last option has a porch (about 126 sf). I then begun to create sheet layers, which are basically presentation sheets for the client (as explained in a previous post) that have plans, site plan, isometric views (3d), anything you would want to show a client. I use viewports to do this in order to easily manipulate what can be seen in the viewport. This way, I may easily change a plan in a viewport, into an isometric view (all vectorwork magic). Once all three sheets are ready to go, they will be sent to the client via email (sheets can be exported as pdf).


 bad photos taken from iphone of computer screen.

here's a view of the lofted cottage option.


Plan of the lofted cottage. (bed loft goes above bathroom)

Wednesday, July 17, 2013

IJE 8

Tips and facts from Tali:
  • Vectorworks provides blank spreadsheets. Tali uses them to calculate certain square footages of area, and costs of square footages by labeling her spaces under specific layer and class names. This way she keeps track that she is both within the code limit for sf and within budget.
  • Tempered glass--pretty much like car glass, shatters into crystals when broken into. Tempered glass is required by code for any window 18 inches from the ground, and windows close to reverberations from doors. It's advised to use this glass for stairs and bathrooms as well (places where people tend to fall).
  • STC-sound transmission control. Windows that are good with minimizing outdoor noise/ sounds are used for homes close to train tracks for example.
  • R-factor: resistance factor
  • Design Build teams are firms that are both designers and contractors.
 Today I mostly worked on window schedule, and the cottage. For the window schedule, that is automatically created through vectorworks, I edited the window type, and looked up the "U-factor" which is pretty much the insulation level (keeping heat in) and the SHGC, solar heat gain coefficient, (keeping heat out). Thus, the lower the numbers the higher quality the window. Tali uses Andersen brand. This brand provides "SmartSun" windows, which is a special coating for a window that helps control the sun's affect on the home. Window schedules are sent to the window manufacturer. It contains sizes, types (casement, horizontal slider, awning, door, etc), type of glass (which I plugged in today), where the window is placed in the home, and other data that I cannot remember. sorry future lenore.

I later worked on my cottage. I'm making an option in which there's a loft, which becomes tricky because steps take so much room. I mostly worked with measurements, and the look of the cottage, where windows would be placed, and how it would affect views from the main home. I also worked a bit more on the other option which has a small porch.

Wednesday, July 10, 2013

IJE 7

Went to a site meeting today with Tali. We met with the owner and a few people from the contracting company to go over some visual detailing of the home. This is the same home Tali gave the "eco-tour" for me. Topics discussed: electrical trim, root barrier (a tree's roots are concern to the driveway), area between urbanite units (cut up driveway Tali saved to be used as patio material), downspouts (spout attached to gutter that travels to ground), counter top edge detail, master shower door, driveway pavers, floors, guest bath mirror, extra stair cost for Eucalyptus treads, paint colors, strip drain, trellis details, porch/patio slate.

Of course all this was very confusing for me, however after the meeting Tali broke it down for me and explained a bit about what they were talking about...
The architect in this type of meeting provides recommendations to the client on such details to provide the best aesthetic for the building.

Topics covered:
  • Gutter. The gutter installer provides recommendations on where to put down spouts. The water leader, is another term for the gutter, which comes in different styles. The gutter helps define the style of the home. The down spout comes in different types as well--a pipe, a chain, etc.
  • Climatizing wood. The levels of humidity in a home affects wood expansion. Thus, the contractor sets about 3 weeks for the wood floor to adjust, and either trims or fills in gaps. 
  •  Shower. Because water is such a huge danger to homes, bathroom areas such as shower are protected by layers. First a tar backed paper is applied to the wall, which is waterproof. Then, a wire netting is attached to hold the mortar up. Onto the mortar lies the tiles. Thinner tiles are applied to the back wall of a sink area to protect the wall from backsplash.
  • Electrical. A couple types of light switch: Toggle, more old style, and rocker. Not all bulbs match dimmer fixtures. For Palo Alto, it's code to use high efficacy light for kitchens and baths which may be achieved through fluorescent, LED or incandescent with dimmers. 
  • Mockup Trellis. Two types of trellis attachment for the entryway was proposed, so mockups of each one at a 1:1 scale was put onto the actual site in order for everyone to visually see which one would work better.
  • Versailles/ Bluestone. Versailles is a type of tiling pattern. Bluestone is a natural stone without any type of finishing, and comes in a full range of colors (as the stone is being excavated from a mountain, the deeper one gets, different colors of stone appear).
  • Arborist. The arborist studies the health of trees. The city arborist protects all city owned trees, which are usually the trees along a sidewalk or up to the property line. The property line of a home sometimes goes into the front yard.
  • Stormwater Rebate. Palo Alto encourages rainwater to stay on the property so dirtiness from a building (gross stuff from roofs etc) do not wash into storm drains and into the bay. Thus if the patio material are permeable, the city provides an incentive to the homeowner.
What I actually did today:
 I completed the little cottage design. Tali wants me to design a second one so the client has a couple options. I learned to make a slab (foundation for the building) and a roof, and learned about classes on Vectorworks. This is the same cottage I mentioned yesterday.

Since I was working with slabs, Tali taught me a bit on structure:
Palo Alto requires the foundation slab to be 8" above ground, to protect the wood of the building. Underneath a slab contains sand (2"), a sheet of some sort of canvas, and drain rock (4"). If water were to travel through ground, it'd go through the drain rock, which would push up against the canvas which is why the sand is placed to allow leeway for the rocks.
Above the slab, the first piece of construction is a horizontal piece of  PTDF wood, which is basically water resistant wood. Then placed vertical are the structure pieces of wood, spaced 16" apart, usually 2x4s. Then another horizontal piece of wood, which would then be covered with another horizontal layer for stabilization. For the roof, there would be a 2x14 or however long the piece would need to be, and then a sheet of plywood, then the roofing material.

Tuesday, July 9, 2013

IJE 6

Today I mostly came up with some designs for the cottage for the San Jose project. It's a very small building, about 10x12 (120 sq/ft max for it to follow code). This was quite challenging. After fiddling with bathroom code (24 inches in front of a toilet/sink/shower, 3' clearance for toilet/shower) for an hour and a half trying to make things work out while keeping a bedroom in there as well (24 inches to either side of a bed) this task of creating an appealing cottage deemed difficult. Instead of a complicated design, Tali told me to just keep with something more basic (as this building would begin as a storage unit, then perhaps an office, and then,in the future a bedroom/living area). In the end I kept with a basic 10x12 square, with a long lifted bay window (which would not count as square footage). This window would first serve as a built in desk area for an office. It then may be converted to a built in bed, in which storage may be tucked underneath. 
Tali then showed me how to use viewports which are just areas for certain aspects of a design to be placed on a sheet layer (example: an axonometric (3D sketch) viewport, a top/plan view port, a site viewport). This sheet layer acts as a poster board to show to the client. If anything is changed in the plan, it'd also be changed in the viewport and sheet layer which is convenient!

 Shown in red is the full size bed that'd take place of the office space in the future. Tali showed me a really compact bathroom design she was able to do with a 10ft exterior wall, which I used for this design. She overlaps the 24 inch requirement in front of each plumbing fixture to save room (shower to left, toilet directly across, sink in between). This is just a replica of what I did on Vectorworks through Paint.

Monday, July 8, 2013

IJE 5

Tali showed me a bit of her organization/documentation process. She usually keeps track of all the hours spent for each partner of a certain project, and is able to create a table that she may refer to in the future (i.e. if someone asks for an estimate on a second level edition, she'd look up her past project relative to that, and see how many hours were spent on it for construction, design process, etc).  She also documents who she has been referred from during each call, so she may nurture those relationships.

I worked mostly on making the site plan for the San Jose project that I've been working on. I looked up the planning codes through searching "City of San Jose resource checklist" which directed me to an awesome place to look up zoning codes for specific homes. I then accessed specific codes for the R-1-5 type lot (which is just type of residential zone), which is what I'm working with. I needed to know the property lines, set back lines (min requirement distances to build structures), and codes for building an accessory structure (which would be the cottage for our client).. (Palo Alto usually provides all this info through something called a Parcel Report, however San Jose seems to not provide any online).

I then used this info and put it into my blueprint, along with a north arrow, the hardscapes (streets/ sidewalk), paths, driveway, and a couple of trees (yay!)

Random stuff I learned today:
  • AIA (American Institute for Architects) provides a free contract for architects to use
  • American Clay brand makes beautiful colors/textures for walls
  • Recycled tile is a good resource for "green home" building
  • how heated flooring works: there's a premade indentation in a slab of wood for hot water pipes to run along, once hot water runs along these pipes, the floor is heated. Pretty simple.
  • an APN number is a number related to the zoning for a home, kind of like an identification number for a house

Wednesday, July 3, 2013

IJE 4

After inserting doors and windows and adjusting the settings on them (trim/sash dimensions, door types etc) Tali let me help design the kitchen she's remodeling for the blue print I created. We discussed the certain aspects of the new kitchen our client needed most, and how the space was being used. We analyzed the photographs we have taken when we measured the site, and other clues such as emails that were exchanged, how much clutter were in certain areas of the kitchen etc. Based off these and the specific needs the client has discussed with us, I was able to come up with 3 floor plans.


The rectangle to the bottom left is the main kitchen. There is five feet of space we may extend outwards vertically (parallel to front door). The large rimmed rectangle is a brick fireplace that cannot be removed. The wall it is set along seems to be a bearing wall that Tali seems to want to keep for now. The entrance into the kitchen seems tight, so I first reduced the unnecessary extra 3" of wall of the two sides of the entrance, to gain an extra maybe 6" of room. The closet I decided to keep because it was packed when we visited the home, obviously its a crucial storage space. I then worked with placing the main kitchen area closer to the entrance (pantry, island, stove top, fridge, sinks) and the dining area more to the top left corner where there's entrance to a study office (that was originally used as a dining room). That way, as one enters the kitchen from the garage/ entrance, there is immediate access to food/food storage. Tali and I discussed the idea of "flow" being a key element for designing a kitchen. Circulation (flow) from the garage/entrances to kitchen, flow from kitchen to other rooms, visual flow from kitchen to other rooms. She seemed to like my placement of the kitchen area and the eating area, as well as my placement of pantry against the closet space.

 Here's the plan I ended up liking most/ what I was describing.
 First plan I came up with. I wanted to make a walk in pantry for lots of food storage, as they didn't seem to have enough storage room.
 Second set of ideas, very similar to each other only the one to the right has an added counter.












I also looked at codes for San Jose, which is where the site is. The client also wants a cottage about 10x12 so I read some codes for building/structural accessories.

Tali then lectured me on some aspects of building green that she must follow in order to call a building "Green" (all new homes in Palo Alto must be built "green"). LEED and other programs follow a point system in which architects must achieve a certain amount of points in order for the home to be green. For the California build green system, there are five categories: material resources, energy saving, water conservation, indoor/outdoor air quality/health and exchange of air, and community (that is, bike racks, close proximity to bus stops, etc).
To gain points, the architect must design under these categories and achieve specific requirements such as eliminating light pollution (by aiming light downwards), rainwater harvesting, recycling gray water (which is bathroom sink and washer water), tight sealing the garage from the rest of the home, creating over hangs (which cast shadows on the home thus cooling it) etc.

Random facts/tips I learned today:
cabinets are usually 2' deep and run along a wall
Keep in mind the visual aspects of the kitchen (the verticals and horizontals that affect the aesthetic of the space). That is, tall refrigerators, horizontal elements such as sinks and ovens which are pieces that do not have cabinet above.
Triangles and squares are cheapest to build
Diagonal views are the longest view, thus when designing spaces (like a backyard) angling the view diagonally creates a feeling of larger space.
Fly-ash is used in concrete. This material is a by product of a certain factory production system, and may be used as concrete (concrete is usually mined).
Drip system is more efficient than sprinkler system for landscape.
Solar panels only work when it is fully exposed to sun (if only part of the panel is exposed, it will not work)
Energy created from panels are hooked to a city grid system which calibrates how much energy the house used and how much the city used from these panels. This is how the house owner will be able to determine whether they owe the city money for electricity, or if the city owes them money.


Monday, July 1, 2013

Internship Journal Entry 3 (IJE)

I think I'm going to title my internship journal entries (IJE) for convenience.

Today I learned so much! Tali took me to one of her home remodels under construction, which was about maybe 80 percent finished (exterior was completely done) because she had to answer a question someone had on site about cabinet details.

This home is considered a "green home" and Tali took me around the home to explain the certain details that made it so. I took just a few photos, as I only had my phone at the time.

Why this home was considered "green":
  • Tight house insulation
    This is kind of a confusing photo, but it is the detail of the window siding (window pane on the left). The orange color is a seal which stops air from flowing in/out of the house (thus retaining heating/ cooling).
  • Tali also insulates the roof (which is uncommon for many old homes) so the whole house "envelope" is insulated (much hot air accumulates in the roof, which makes the whole house (mainly the top floor)  hotter. Tali's home does not have an insulated roof, so, like many other homes, the attic space has a thermostat that turns on a fan when it gets hot enough.  Likewise, the basement level, or lowest level, should also be insulated because that is where much of the cool air accumulates (underfloor insulation). The roof is insulated with "BIB" insulation, "blow in blanket", in which a netting is formed along the frame, and then fiberglass insulation is blown into the netting until it is dense enough for proper insulation.
  • As shown in the image to the left, lots of natural light and sky lights were used.
  • The house also has fresh air ducts coming in from outside, and to keep the house warm (say winter comes) the fresh air may be "preheated" in order to reduce heating usage by crossing this duct with the heating duct.
  • The home was deconstructed by a "deconstruction company" that tears down the roof/framing/whatever needs to be gone, in a way so that items such as cabinets may be recycled to a warehouse/store that sells the material at a reduced price for people to purchase.
  • Recycled material:
     Previously, the home had a separate garage in the back, so there was a long driveway from the street to the garage. Because the owners wanted to attach the garage to the home, Tali decided to cut the remaining pieces of driveway into square tiles to be used for the front patio. The owners could find a tiled design they like and then use the tiles (shown on the images to the left).

    • Tali had also kept the foundation of the home (which is usually done for remodeling) and much of the framing of the home, thus avoiding material waste. She had also hoped to keep much of the window locations to save material as well.
    • The home is built with FSC lumber, which is wood that is used from a controlled forest. 
    • The larger beams in the home are made of engineered lumber, which is wood made from wood scraps and
    bound together by some sort of glue or mixture (not sure what keeps the wood scraps together).**
  • The paints and other glues are all non toxic.
  • To establish the longevity of the building, Tali kept in mind wheel chair/  impaired access, that is, she designed a bathroom on the first floor that has the radius for a wheelchair, and the bedroom/doorways of the first floor were all 3' or wider, compared to the common 2'8". She also had a loft space upstairs that was also large enough by code to be a bedroom, if the home owners in the future chose to add another bedroom, they'd just have to add the walls.
  • Keep in mind eucalyptus wood is sustainable (I should research more on this). **

  •  This is Trunk and Branch plumbing, a newer type of plumbing in which the hot/cold water has direct connection to all sinks/showers/baths/toilets etc. Compared to the old type of plumbing, called parallel piping I believe, one pipe was used that connected to every sink/shower etc. the water would flow to every faucet until it reaches the open one. This obviously is not sufficient, it cools hot water, and also is the reason why there's pressure difference issues in many old homes that use this type of plumbing (sudden bursts of hot water in the shower for example). This also uses metal pipes which firstly allows for possible leakage, and also inflexibility with pipe placement. Trunk and Branch plumbing however is made of Pex (I believe this is the name), a flexible material that causes less leaks, and may also direct the water to the shortest route possible.
  •  The shingles on the sides of the home are made of weather proof material, and the building is fire proof (stucco) which makes the building sustainable.













Some random facts I learned as we chatted in the car/that I observed in the house:
  • Bad kitchen/bathroom cabinet measurements are the cabinet maker's fault, if you sent in the right measurements.
  • The architect is called in for random questions such as opinions for cabinet detail/placement of certain fixtures. This is why many of Tali's designs are so close to her studio, out of convenience, and to save her own time, as architects may be called on site many times throughout the construction process.
  • Keep disabled visitors in mind: make entrances via ramps etc (Tali built one in on the back of the house that connects to the back patio). 
  • The architect is responsible by law for a home until the home is remodeled again.
  • Keeping good relations with the planning dept and clients is a VERY GOOD thing. By keeping good relations with the planning dept, and stopping in frequent enough, they may give you a call about mistakes they find in a plan you sent in, thus having a discussion/answering questions/getting things done/ problems fixed in a timely manner instead of going through the hassle of reading what mistakes were found and communicating that way.
We also made a stop to the Planning Dept of Palo Alto to get some code information. She is working on an R-2 lot (residential 2) meaning it is a multi-family lot. This was a multi-family development in the past, and is now split into three separate lots. Most residential work would be placed under the R-1 category. Thus, I learned a bit about planning codes (keep in mind planning and building codes are separate) and urban space planning (Tali showed me a map of the zones of Palo Alto). R-1/R-2 are further separated by its size (R2 5000, R2 7000 etc).  Tali had a Parcel Report that contains site information such as size, zone (R2), whether its in a flood zone, airport status (for noise protection design), historical status (certain material must be retained). The architect sends the plans of a home to the planning department to get it checked. I also learned what sub-standard means, which relates to how much you can build/how many stories may be added. Basically, the planning codes focus on size restraints the architect must work with.

What I actually did in office today:
I mostly touched up on the basement/ second level of the blueprint I've been working on (don't have the first floor drawn yet). I mostly fixed up wall joints, dimensions, wall heights. Lots of detective work was put into this as many of the dimensions we took didn't fit well. Sometimes this is caused by thick walls (plumbing walls for example). Some Vectorworks 2013 tips I learned was to manipulate measurements of hallways, I could associate the endpoints of the closest two corners, drag it up to the hallway, and then type in a dimension. To extend a wall that is attached to another wall without manipulating that other wall, I may use the T-joint.

This caps my magnificent long day!